Chess strategies and chess tactics are often confusing and vice versa. But there are distinct differences between the two. Tactics take advantage of the short-term opportunities that unfold during the game. For example, you may find that your opponent has left a more valuable piece in front of a less useful piece – scan the board and notice that the less valuable work is not properly protected, so you decide to use a skewer attack to force the most valuable enemy piece to stand aside, allowing you to catch the weak piece behind it.
On the other hand, chess strategies help you formulate a plan for how you intend to confront your opponent's army throughout the game. Now, of course, you don't know exactly what your opponent will do before you start the game. Therefore, you need to be prepared to adapt your plans and, if necessary, change your strategies in the middle of the game.
The next set of strategies should be used to give a rough idea of what to do, or how to act to deal with whatever your opponent throws. You can't afford to stay rigid with a single plan or strategy … you have to be able to adapt to the ebb and flow of the game.
“Water seems weak, but it can penetrate rocks … Be like the nature of water.”Bruce Lee
Chess strategies and how you can learn them?
Do you want to learn chess strategy? Most novice chess players do not have to worry about learning the chess strategies involved in the game or any complex combinations of moves because the first important thing is to know how the pieces move and what the chess rules are.
But once you have mastered the chess basics, or at least you will feel comfortable with it, you will probably want to learn some chess strategies. The chess strategy can take your game to the next level, and you will be able to keep your game against more experienced players and make it more intellectually stimulating.
Do you attend a chess club in your area? Or did you learn from a friend or family member? One of the best ways to learn chess strategy is to learn from more experienced players. Go to your local chess club and ask some of the best players if you can watch a game or if they are willing to teach you while you play.
Playing chess tournaments or watching match tournaments is another way to learn chess strategy. The interactivity is great because you can get instant feedback and ask questions as you go.
Books are another source for learning chess strategy. There are quite a few books written specifically on this subject. Some of them are written in style more suitable for beginners, while others are intended for more advanced players. Find one that matches your style and skill level and read it again.
You can check one in the library. With a chess book, you can pick it up, set it aside, and read the parts you don't understand until you understand them.
Chess strategy can also be learned by playing a game of chess on a computer or playing online. Whether you choose to play against the computer as an opponent or as another player, you will learn from the strategies they use. Online chess sites often have message boards and chat rooms where you can discuss strategy with players of all skill levels and abilities.
Chess Strategy # 1: Make the most of material benefits
If you are ahead in materials – that is, you capture more of the enemy you have lost – you will gain a material advantage. When you take advantage of more pieces to use more than your opponent, you have more options than when both sides have equal power.
The options we are talking about including more diverse forces to cope with defensive missions; In addition, you can also sacrifice materials to defend your site while maintaining the fighting advantage.
Both options are examples of how you can get the most out of a material advantage.
Chess Strategy # 2: Stop the counter-enemy game
In chess, if you restrict your opponent's ability to build an attack, it becomes less threatening, allowing you to conduct your business as planned. The first thing you need to do is discover your opponent's tactical threats … Study the board before you make your move and see where your opponent's pieces look.
Are your forces vulnerable, and does this require a tactic to play against you? Check if you are in danger of skewers; Pines. Thorns, detected attacks, etc. The second thing you need to do is keep your opponent helpless … position your pawns so that they guard critical squares and/or provide support points to support your pieces, both in positions.
Advanced, as well as in defensive positions.
Chess Strategy # 3: Understand where the pieces are going
Each piece has its strengths and weaknesses. We need to send them where their power can be used most effectively. Knights cut short-range, they need support points (provided by pawn for example) to get close enough to their targets.
The cavalry must be in the sixth rank when attacking the enemy's camp; While ranks 1 and 2 are for defensive tasks. Ranks 3, 4, and 5 serve both offensive and defensive missions. Bishops need long, clear bows to be effective.
Rooks must have effective open files to cause the most damage on enemy territory. Queens have the best range of motion across the board it can go anywhere very fast. Whenever possible, consider bringing the Queen into play only when enemy forces are significantly reduced. The Queen can then provide effective support to your remaining forces while pursuing the enemy King.
Kings are exposed to risk in the early to mid-stages. However, once the game moves to the final stage when there is only a handful of enemy pawns and only one or two pieces, the King's power is fully realized. At this point, move your King to the center of the board, use it to capture pawns, and if possible/necessary, the King should be used to help one of the pawns to get promoted.
Chess Strategy # 4: Superior minor pieces
The smaller pieces are knights and bishops.
When the pawns are locked in the middle of the board, the position is said to be “closed.” Because knights can jump over obstacles, they will not encounter problems in closed game situations; I can jump over the barricade and back as I wish. On the other hand, bishops cannot jump and will be limited to the closed position. Therefore, in closed game situations, the knights become superior to the bishops. When it comes to sacrificing one of the two (tactically), your knights are the ones who should stay on the board.
When the center of the plate is clear to show the long-lasting parts their value, the position on the board is said to be “open.” In open play situations, knights, being short-range units, are more vulnerable and less efficient – they make at least two moves to move from one side of the board to the other; While long-range pieces (Queens, Rocks, Bishops) can cross, to attack and/or defend, in a single row (providing a clear path). Therefore, in open play situations, the bishops become superior to the knights.
Chess Strategy # 5: How to use pawns
Pawns can be used as blocking and restraining agents … they can block enemy pawns in advance and, if positioned correctly, can restrict enemy pieces from reaching the squares you deem necessary to defend your position.
Chess Strategy # 6: Create goals
Instead of waiting for opportunities to reveal themselves, be proactive in setting goals; Create the necessary conditions; Then drive away your victim (your victim). Ideal candidates for targeting are weak pawns, such as the following types: “rear pawns,” “pawns,” “isolated pawns,” “double pawns,” and “triple pawns.” Suppose you manage to capture a pawn and create a physical advantage. In that case, you can then start changing parts (deliberate attempts to sacrifice pieces, remove them from the board) so that you can simplify the situation and move quickly to the final stage, where your extra pawn should prove to be a winning advantage…
Chess Strategy # 7: Regional dominance
Possession of squares and control of squares is what regional dominance means. If you control more squares than your opponent, you have the advantage of having more options to pick and choose attacks. The squares you count, such as your dominant territory, are all behind your pawns. However, the squares on which the pawns are placed do not matter when calculating territorial control; Right directly behind them.
Chess strategy # 8: Attack the King
Most players capture their king at Kingside, as it is the fastest way to bring the king to relative safety, allowing them to return to the mission to develop their remaining army in preparation for the Battle of Middlegame.
Later, as Middlegame approaches the transition to the Endgame stage, the enemy king may remain hidden behind the pawn line of defense on Kingside.
To determine if you are in the right position to attack a king, check the following four conditions (these are not the only criteria, but they are an excellent measure to help you decide whether or not to attack the king):
- You have a satellite advantage near the location of the enemy king;
- You have several pieces next to the enemy king position, but your opponent has limited defensive support around his king.
- The enemy king has weak pawns for defensive cover, and you have several pieces next to you to launch a strong attack.
- You have a lot of leadership in the development, giving you the advantage of launching an attack – think about attacking immediately.
Chess is one of the original “war games.” It is based on strategy and maneuver. Just as a general will not lead his forces in battle without a plan and a strategy of movements and counter motors, a chess player does not enter a match without a strategy to emerge victoriously.
Gary FloresGary is a chess enthusiast and has three children who also enjoy learning the game. He is a co-author of the "Chess Fundamentals" digital interactive book a ChessDelights Edition. He founded ChessDelights.com in order to brush up on his understanding of this tactic and strategy game. He also enjoys encouraging those who are learning, re-learning, or instructing their children in the game of chess.
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